The impact of climatic and seasonal changes on the abundance of livestock tick in Tehran province
Paper ID : 1188-IPCA4 (R1)
Ebrahim Abbasi *
Ebrahim Abbasi Ph.D. candidate in Medical Entomology Department of Medical Entomology and Vector Control School of Public Health Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Iran
Ticks as domestic animals' foreign parasites are momentous in transmitting pathogens and causing economic damage to the livestock industry worldwide and in Iran.
This study aimed to define the frequency of livestock ticks by climate and seasonal variety in Tehran province. A total of 1243 livestock and poultry (camels, sheep, cattle, dogs, chickens, and pigeons infested with ticks) were studied during 2019, of which 531 hard ticks and 63 soft ticks were collected.
The species of detected ticks (14 species) included R. sanguineus, Hy.marginatum, A.persicus, Hy.asiaticum, Hy.dromedarii, Hae.sulcata, Hy.anatolicum, O.lahorensis, Hae.Inermis, Hae.erinacei, A.reflexus, R.bursa, Hy.detritum, B.annulatus. The highest frequency was related to R. sanguineus (42.27%), and the lowest frequency was related to B. annulatus (0.63%). Also, the species Hy.marginatum (18.72%) and A. persicus (8.96%) had the highest frequency after R. sanguineus.
The distribution of collected ticks in mountainous and plain climates shows that out of 594 collected ticks, 32.86% belonged to the mountainous and 67.14% plain regions, respectively. This study demonstrated significant Ixodidae and Argasidae ticks' abundance and diversity in livestock and poultry in different parts of Tehran province.
Tick, Host, Argasidae, Ixodidae, Tehran, Iran
Status : Abstract Accepted (Poster Presentation)