Eriophyoid mites (Acari: Eriophyoidea) associated with some stone fruits (Prunus spp.) in Hamadan, northwestern Iran
Paper ID : 1116-IPCA4
Soheila Jafari *1, Mohammad Khanjani2, Majid Rakhshandeh3
1Department of Plant Protection College of Agriculture Bu-Ali Sina University Hamedan-Iran.
2Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Bu-Ali Sina, Hamadan, Iran.
3Department of Plant Protection College of Agriculture Bu-Ali Sina University Hamedan-Iran
Currently the genus Prunus (Rosaceae) contains more than 250 worldwide known species which were associated with fruitful trees like apricot, almond, peach, cherry, nectarine and plums, and fruitless plants such as ornamental bushes. Eriophyoid mites are obligatory plant feeders that well adapted to living on plants. They are mostly specialists known to live on a narrow range of hosts, one plant species or related species within a plant genus. These mites cause a great variety of injuries: leaf, bud and stem galls, blisters and chlorotic flecks on the leaves as well as spotted and deformed fruits. Some species are reported to be vectors of diseases such as the Cherry Mottle Leaf Virus (CMLV) and the Peach Mosaic Virus (PMV). Eriophyoid mites were collected in plum orchards in the province of Hamedan, Iran, during 2018–2020. In this study, we followed the protocol of Monfreda et al. (2007) to separate eriophyoid mite specimens from plant materials and in addition, infested leaves were washed, checked directly under a stereomicroscope. The specimens were mounted directly on slides in Hoyer’s medium and then dried on iron plates in an oven, at about 50ºC for two weeks. In total, 17 species, belonging to 8 different genera, four tribe and 2 families were collected. Among identified species, Acalitus phloecoptes and A. iranicus cause galls formation around of buds, Eriophyes prunorum causes blisters on leaf surface and Eriophyes savagei and E. similis cause leaf nail galls. One species are new to the world mite fauna which marked with an asterisk (*) and two these species are new records for the mite fauna of Hamadan which are previously known from Iran. The collected mites according to their families, genera and species are as follows:
Family Diptilomiopidae: Quadracus reticulatus Jafari & Khanjani, 2021, Rhinophytoptus nemalobos Lotfollahi & de Lillo, 2014, Diptacus hamedanicus Jafari et al, 2020, D. gigantorhynchus Nalepa, 1892; Family Eriophyidae: Acalitus iranicus Jafari & Khanjani, 2021, A. phloecoptes Nalepa, 1890., Aculus sp. nov.*, Aculus flechtmanni Jafari & Khanjani, 2021, A. fockeu Nalepa & Trouessart, 1891, A. latiloba (Keifer) 1955, Eriophyes prunorum Jafari & Khanjani, 2021, E. savagei Keifer, 1939, E. similis Nalepa, 1890, Phyllocoptes hamedi Jafari & Khanjani, 2021, Ph. abaenus keifer, 1940, Ph. Graniti Keifer, 1959, and Tetra pruni Jafari et al, 2020, on Prunus spp. (Rosaceae).
Gall, blister, new species, obligatory, Prunus, vector.
Status : Abstract Accepted (Oral Presentation)