Study of fauna and abundance of Argasidae and Ixodidae ticks in Yasuj city, Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad province
Paper ID : 1079-IPCA4 (R2)
Mozaffar Vahedi *, Ebrahim Abbasi
Student research committee, Department of Biology and Vector Control, School of Health, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
Ticks are among the largest arthropods found abundantly in nature and belong to the subclass Acarina. They are ectoparasites of vertebrates, especially wild animals, and only about %10 of them feed on humans and domestic animals, mainly sheep and cattle. The development of Tick-Borne Diseases (TBD) and human harassment are the consequences of the presence of ticks in human habitats.
In this study, sampling is done randomly in several steps, and a team of 2 people search and collect ticks in livestock and poultry farms, including industrial and traditional farms, livestock pens, and village poultry farms. Ticks were caught from different livestock separately according to the type of host.
Morphological identification of the collected samples was performed with valid identification keys. The caught ticks belong to 6 genera, of which the highest frequency of ticks are related to the genus Hyalomma, and the lowest frequency of ticks are related to the genus Boophilus. All genera of Boophilus, Haemaphysalis and Argas persicus, Rhipicephalus bursa, and Hyalomma anatolicum have been found from the mountainous region, and Hyalomma anatolicum has the highest, and Boophilus annulatus has the lowest abundance.
All genera of Ornithodoros, Hyalomma, and Argas reflexus, and Rhipicephalus sanguineus have been collected in the plain region, and Hyalomma marginatum has the highest and Hyalomma detritum has the lowest abundance in the plains region. The highest rate of infection of domestic livestock with ticks was in spring, and the lowest rate of livestock infection with ticks was in winter.
It is suggested that morphometric studies be performed on all other important species with high distribution ranges and compare their biological and morphological characteristics. The morphological characteristics of ticks are basic studies, which are so important in investigating and identifying this species.
Fauna, Argasidae, Ixodidae, Yasuj, Iran
Status : Abstract Accepted (Poster Presentation)